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Asian-Pacific American Studies: Japanese American Internment During WWII

Asian and Pacific Island American History, Culture & Arts

Japanese American Internment

(Source: Wikimedia Commons)

What was the Japanese American Internment?

Following the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942. The Order called for the relocation of all persons of Japanese ancestry, including both citizens and non-citizens, living on the Pacific Coast to relocation camps. The Order was intended to prevent espionage and protect persons of Japanese descent from Americans with strong anti-Japanese attitudes. Over 117,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, two-thirds of whom were native-born American citizens, were affected by the Order. Although the Order was rescinded in December 1944, all of the camps were not officially closed until 1946.

Internment Camps in Texas

(Source: Texas Historical Commission)

Internment Camps in Texas

During WWII, Texas was host to eight internment camps, including: three temporary detention centers for Japanese, German, and Italian detainees in Houston, San Antonio, and Laredo; three Department of Justice (DOJ) enemy alien confinement camps in Crystal City, Kenedy, and Seagoville; and two U.S. Army “temporary detention stations” at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio and Fort Bliss in El Paso.

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What to Search For

Looking for more resources? Try searching these keywords in the Library Catalog and databases:

  • World War II Internment Camps
  • Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Japanese Americans
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- United States
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians -- United States
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Forced repatriation
  • Japanese Americans -- History -- United States

*** Please not that this list is not exhaustive.

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