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Title IX

An overview of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and resources related to this topic.

Clery Act (1990)

The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act) of 1990 places a series of requirements on colleges and universities to improve transparency around campus crimes. These requirements include:

  • collecting and disclosing crime reports and statistics;
  • issuing “timely warnings” for crimes considered an ongoing threat to the campus community;
  • issuing “emergency notifications” for emergency or dangerous situations that are an immediate threat to the campus community;
  • publishing "Annual Security Reports" (ASRs);
  • reporting crime statistics to the Department of Education (DOE); and
  • provide a publicly available "Daily Crime Log".

VAWA (1994)

The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994 is a landmark legislative act that fights against domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, and other crimes against women. Updated and expanded in 2000, 2005, and 2013, VAWA:

  • establishes federal legal definitions for crimes against women;
  • funds and supports community violence prevention programs and services for victims, including crisis hotlines, crisis centers, and safe houses;
  • grants victims additional legal protections, including fewer burdens for obtaining restraining/protection orders, better access to legal assistance, and measures against unfair eviction;
  • mandates the federal enforcement of restraining/protection orders and prosecution for interstate crimes; and
  • provides enhanced services and protections for underserved populations, including male victims, LGBTQ victims, immigrants, Native Americans, and people with disabilities.

Campus SaVE Act (2013)

The Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act (Campus SaVE Act) of 2013 is a provision of the Violence Against  Women Reauthorization Act (VAWA) of 2013 that imposed new requirements on colleges and universities to further prevent sexual violence and harassment. These requirements include:

  • increasing transparency by expanding the types of crimes reported beyond those mandated by the Clery Act;
  • guaranteeing survivors enhanced rights;
  • establishing standards for campus disciplinary proceedings; and
  • requiring campus-wide sexual violence and harassment prevention programs.